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Powerlifting is a strength sport, consisting of three events: the squat, the bench press, and the deadlift. Powerlifting resembles the sport of Weightlifting as both disciplines involve lifting heavy weights in three attempts.
A powerlifting competition takes place as follows:
Each competitor is allowed three to four attempts on each lift depending on their standing and the organization they are lifting in. The lifter’s best valid attempt on each lift counts toward his competition total. If two or more lifters achieve the same total, the lighter lifter ranks above the heavier lifter.Competitors are judged against other lifters of the same gender, weight class, and age. This helps to ensure that the accomplishments of lifters like Lamar Gant, who deadlifted five times his own weight, are recognized alongside those of Andy Bolton, the current World Powerlifting Organization squat, deadlift, and three-lift world record holder. Comparisons of lifters and scores across different weight classes can also be made using handicapping systems such as the Wilks formula.
Powerlifters use many different types of training methods. Conventional powerlifting training involves a gradual increase in weight and decrease in repeptitions over time, though there is now a greater emphasis on explosive power and speed.
Although powerlifting always uses the squat, bench press and deadlift as events, different federations have different rules and different interpretations of the rules, leading to a myriad of variations. The ADAU and 100% Raw Federation allow no supportive gear to be worn by the lifter while the IPF and AAU, only allow a single-ply tight polyester squat suit, deadlift suit and bench shirt, wraps for knees and wrists, and a belt. Other federations, such as the IPA and WPO, allow opened or closed back bench shirts, multi-ply gear, and a wide array of gear materials such as canvas, denim, polyester etc.
In an IPF bench press, the barbell can go as low as the xiphoid process and no further in the lift, whereas in other federations, the barbell can touch the abdomen. (This shortens the distance in which the barbell is moved and is an advantage to the lifter.)
- The World powerlifting database of results, records and powerlifters with advanced search
- IronScene Powerlifting Videos - videos of powerlifting attempts and competitions from around the world.
- IPF - International Powerlifting Federation Official Websitecs:Silový trojboj
de:Kraftdreikampf es:Levantamiento de potencia fr:Force athlétique is:Kraftlyftingar it:Powerlifting he:הרמת כוח nl:Powerlifting ja:パワーリフティング no:Styrkeløft pl:Trójbój siłowy ru:Пауэрлифтинг sl:Dviganje uteži fi:Voimanosto sv:Styrkelyft